Hemerocallis, commonly known as daylilies, is a genus of flowering plants native to Asia. These plants are admired for their stunning flowers that bloom in a wide range of colors, including yellow, orange, pink, red, and purple. Hemerocallis is a popular ornamental plant among gardeners due to its long blooming season, easy-to-grow nature, and low maintenance requirements.
The name Hemerocallis is derived from the Greek words hemera, which means day, and kalos, which means beautiful. This name is quite fitting for these plants, as their flowers bloom for only one day, but they produce numerous blooms throughout the season, making them a sight to behold.
The daylily plant typically grows from a clump of fibrous roots and produces long, strappy leaves that form a rosette at the base. The flowers, which are held on tall, slender stems, consist of six petals arranged in a trumpet-like shape. Each flower opens in the morning and closes in the evening, giving the plant its common name, daylily.
Hemerocallis is a hardy plant that can grow in a wide range of soil types and can tolerate full sun to partial shade. They need organically dense, well-draining soil. The plant is relatively drought-tolerant but performs best when watered regularly during dry periods. Daylilies are also relatively disease- and pest-resistant, making them an easy-to-grow addition to any garden.
One of the most attractive features of Hemerocallis is the wide variety of cultivars available. Gardeners can choose from a vast selection of colors, flower shapes, and sizes, making it easy to find a daylily that fits their garden’s design. Some popular cultivars include the Stella de Oro, a compact plant with golden yellow flowers, and the Happy Returns, a prolific bloomer with lemon-yellow flowers.
In addition to their ornamental value, daylilies have several practical uses. The plant’s young shoots and flower buds are edible and can be cooked and eaten like asparagus. The flowers are also used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat a variety of ailments, including headaches and fevers.
In conclusion, Hemerocallis is a beautiful and versatile plant that is easy to grow and provides stunning blooms throughout the season
Here are the 15 Most Popular Types Of Hemerocallis Pictorial Guide:
- Hemerocallis Kwanso
- Hemerocallis Fulva Var. Kwanso
- Hemerocallis Citrina Var. Vespertina
- Hemerocallis Aurantiaca
- Hemerocallis Altissima
- Hemerocallis Thunbergii
- Hemerocallis Middendorffii
- Hemerocallis Minor
- Hemerocallis Lilioasphodelus
- Hemerocallis Hakuunensis
- Hemerocallis Fulva
- Hemerocallis Flava
- Hemerocallis Esculenta
- Hemerocallis Dumortieri
- Hemerocallis Citrina
- How To Grow And Care For Hemerocallis
- How To Propagate Hemerocallis
- Top 5 FAQ And Answers For Hemerocallis
- Top 10 Interesting Facts About Hemerocallis
Hemerocallis Kwanso is a species of flowering plant in the family Asphodelaceae, native to Asia. It is commonly known as the “double orange daylily” due to its showy, double-flowered blooms in shades of orange and yellow. This perennial plant has long, grass-like leaves and produces tall flower stalks that bloom in the summer. It is easy to grow and commonly used in garden landscaping. However, in some places, it might grow invasive.
Hemerocallis Fulva Var. Kwanso
Hemerocallis Fulva Var. Kwanso is a variety of the Hemerocallis Fulva species, also known as the tawny daylily. It is a hardy herbaceous perennial plant that produces large orange, double-flowering blooms with ruffled edges. This variety is highly adaptable and can thrive in a variety of growing conditions, making it a popular choice for gardeners. However, it can also be invasive and spread quickly, so it should be planted with caution.
Hemerocallis Citrina Var. Vespertina
Hemerocallis Citrina Var. Vespertina is a type of daylily plant that blooms in the evening and has a citrusy yellow color. It is a hardy perennial plant that is easy to grow and adds a beautiful touch to any garden or landscape.
Hemerocallis Aurantiaca is a species of flowering plant commonly known as the “Apricot Daylily”. It is a perennial herbaceous plant that produces showy, trumpet-shaped flowers that are orange or apricot in color. The plant is easy to grow and is popular in gardens and landscapes due to its attractive blooms and ability to tolerate a wide range of growing conditions. It is native to Asia but has been widely cultivated and naturalized in many parts of the world.
Hemerocallis Altissima is a species of flowering plant in the family Asphodelaceae, commonly known as the “Tall Daylily. It is native to China and produces showy, golden-yellow flowers atop tall, sturdy stems. The plant is low-maintenance and can grow in a variety of soil types, making it a popular choice for gardeners.
Hemerocallis Thunbergii is a species of herbaceous perennial plant in the family Asphodelaceae, native to Japan. It is commonly known as Thunberg’s Daylily and is known for its attractive yellow flowers, which bloom in the late summer and early fall. The plant is hardy and easy to grow, making it a popular choice for gardens and landscaping.
Hemerocallis Middendorffii is a species of herbaceous perennial plant in the Hemerocallis genus that is native to Eastern Asia, specifically in areas such as Japan, Korea, and northeastern China. It is characterized by its showy yellow flowers that bloom during the summer and its narrow, grass-like leaves that grow from a basal clump. The plant prefers moist, well-drained soil and full sun to partial shade and is often grown in gardens for its attractive blooms.
Hemerocallis Minor is a species of perennial flowering plant belonging to the Hemerocallis genus. It is a small daylily species that typically reaches a height of around 20 inches and produces bright yellow trumpet-shaped flowers with a diameter of approximately 2 inches. The plant is native to parts of China and Korea and is commonly grown in gardens for its attractive flowers.
Hemerocallis Lilioasphodelus is a species of flowering plant commonly known as the Lemon Lily Daylily. It is a perennial herbaceous plant native to Asia, with narrow leaves and lemon-yellow flowers that bloom in mid- to late summer. This plant is commonly grown in gardens and landscapes for its attractive flowers and easy-to-grow nature.
Hemerocallis Hakuunensis is a species of perennial flowering plant belonging to the Hemerocallis genus. It is native to Japan and features striking white flowers with yellow throats that bloom in midsummer. The plant prefers full sun to partial shade and well-draining soil. It is a hardy species that requires minimal care and can thrive in a variety of growing conditions.
Hemerocallis Fulva is a species of flowering plant commonly known as the tawny daylily. It is native to Asia but has been widely naturalized in other parts of the world, including North America and Europe. The plant produces clusters of orange-red trumpet-shaped flowers that bloom for a single day, hence the name “daylily.” Hemerocallis Fulva is a popular ornamental plant due to its attractive flowers and easy care requirements. It is also used in traditional medicine for various ailments.
Hemerocallis Flava is a species of herbaceous perennial plant commonly known as the yellow daylily. It is characterized by its bright yellow trumpet-shaped flowers that bloom during the summer months. The plant is easy to care for and can thrive in a variety of soil types and sunlight conditions. It is often used in gardens as an ornamental plant and is a favorite among hummingbirds and butterflies.
Hemerocallis Esculenta is a species of flowering plant commonly known as the Korean daylily. It is native to Korea and China and is grown for its ornamental value. The plant produces attractive orange-red flowers that bloom during the summer months, and its edible roots are used in traditional Korean cuisine. Hemerocallis Esculenta is easy to grow and requires little maintenance, making it a popular choice for gardeners.
Hemerocallis Dumortieri is a species of herbaceous perennial plant that belongs to the family Asphodelaceae. It is native to Eastern Asia and typically grows up to 60-90 cm tall. The plant has grass-like leaves and produces large, trumpet-shaped flowers in shades of orange and yellow during the summer months. It is a popular ornamental plant and commonly grown in gardens for its attractive flowers.
Hemerocallis Citrina is a species of perennial plant commonly known as the lemon daylily. It features bright yellow, trumpet-shaped flowers that bloom in summer and are known for their sweet lemon scent. This species is easy to grow and is often used in gardens and landscaping.
How To Grow And Care For Hemerocallis
Hemerocallis, commonly known as daylilies, are beautiful perennial plants that are easy to grow and care for. Here are some tips for growing and caring for Hemerocallis:
- Choose a sunny location: Hemerocallis grow best in full sun or partial shade. Pick a location in your garden where there is at least six hours of direct sunlight every day.
- Soil: Hemerocallis grow best in well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. If your soil is heavy or clay-like, add some organic matter, such as compost or aged manure, to improve drainage.
- Watering: Water your hemerocallis deeply once a week. They might need to be watered more frequently when it’s hot and dry. Don’t overwater, though, as this might cause root rot.
- Fertilizer: Hemerocallis benefit from a slow-release fertilizer applied in the spring. This will encourage robust growth and profusion of blooms.
- Mulch: Apply a layer of mulch around your Hemerocallis to help retain moisture and suppress weed growth. This will also help keep the soil cool during hot weather.
- Deadheading: Hemerocallis blooms for only one day, but each plant produces multiple flowers. Deadhead spent blooms to encourage more blooms and to keep the plant looking neat.
- Division: Hemerocallis can be divided every 3–4 years in the early spring or fall. Dividing the plants will help promote healthy growth and will also give you more plants to spread around your garden.
By following these tips, you can enjoy beautiful, healthy Hemerocallis in your garden for many years to come.
How To Propagate Hemerocallis
Hemerocallis, commonly known as daylilies, are easy to propagate through several methods. Here are the steps for propagating Hemerocallis:
- Division: The most common and easiest method of propagation is division. Dig up the clump of Hemerocallis and separate the individual plants by gently pulling them apart or using a sharp knife. Make sure each division has several roots and leaves. Plant the divisions at the same depth as the original plant and water them thoroughly.
- Seed: Hemerocallis can also be propagated by seeds, but it takes longer and is less reliable than division. Collect the ripe seeds after the flowers have faded and the seed pods have dried. Plant the seeds in a seedling tray filled with a well-draining potting mix and cover them with a thin layer of soil. In a warm, well-lit area, keep the soil moist. The seeds ought to start to splutter after a couple of weeks.
- Tissue Culture: This is a more advanced method of propagation that involves taking a small piece of tissue from the plant and growing it in a sterile environment. This method requires specialized equipment and expertise and is typically done by professionals.
- Rhizome Cuttings: Hemerocallis rhizome cuttings can also be propagated by taking a 2-3 inch section of the rhizome and planting it horizontally in a well-draining soil mix. The cutting should be covered with a thin layer of soil and kept moist. Within a few weeks, new shoots will emerge from the rhizome.
In summary, the easiest and most common way to propagate Hemerocallis is through division. Seed propagation is possible, but it takes longer and is less reliable. Tissue culture and rhizome cuttings are more advanced methods that require specialized equipment and expertise.
Top 5 FAQ And Answers For Hemerocallis
Q: What is Hemerocallis?
A: Hemerocallis is a genus of flowering plants that are commonly known as daylilies. These plants are native to Asia, but they have been widely cultivated and naturalized in many parts of the world.
Q: How do I care for Hemerocallis?
A: Hemerocallis plants prefer full sun or partial shade and well-drained soil. They are relatively low-maintenance plants, but they do require regular watering and fertilization to thrive. Another way to encourage the plant to produce additional blossoms is by deadheading spent blooms.
Q: When do Hemerocallis bloom?
A: Hemerocallis plants typically bloom in mid-to-late summer, although the exact timing can vary depending on the variety and growing conditions. Some varieties may also have a second bloom later in the season.
Q: Can Hemerocallis be grown in containers?
A: Yes, Hemerocallis can be grown in containers as long as the container is large enough to accommodate the plant’s root system and the soil is well-draining. Yet compared to plants grown in the ground, plants grown in containers could need more frequent watering and fertilizing.
Q: Are Hemerocallis plants toxic to pets?
A: While Hemerocallis plants are not considered toxic to humans, they can be toxic to pets such as cats and dogs if ingested in large quantities. Symptoms of Hemerocallis poisoning in pets may include vomiting, diarrhea, and lethargy, and pet owners should seek veterinary care immediately if they suspect their pet has consumed any part of the plant.
Top 10 Interesting Facts About Hemerocallis
- Because each flower only lasts for one day, the name Hemerocallis is derived from the Greek words “hemera,” which means “day,” and “kalos,” which means “beautiful.”
- There are over 60,000 registered cultivars of Hemerocallis, making them one of the most popular and diverse groups of garden plants.
- Daylilies are native to Asia, but they are widely grown in many parts of the world, including North America, Europe, and Australia.
- Hemerocallis are hardy perennials that are easy to grow and care for. They can take a little shade but prefer full sun and soil that drains well.
- Daylilies are not true lilies, but they are often referred to as such because their flowers are lily-like in appearance.
- The flowers of Hemerocallis come in a wide range of colors, including red, yellow, orange, pink, purple, and bi-colored varieties.
- Daylilies are edible and have been used in Chinese cuisine for centuries. The buds, flowers, and roots are all edible, and they have a slightly sweet, crunchy taste.
- Hemerocallis flowers are not only beautiful but also have medicinal properties. They have been used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of ailments, including inflammation, headaches, and fever.
- Daylilies are often used in landscaping and are popular for their ability to attract pollinators such as bees and butterflies.
- Hemerocallis are named the State Flower of South Korea, and in China, the daylily is considered a symbol of motherhood and filial piety.