Arum, also known as “Lords and Ladies” or “Jack-in-the-Pulpit,”, is a unique and fascinating plant with a long history of human use. Arum belongs to the family Araceae, which is one of the largest and most diverse families of flowering plants, and it is native to Europe, Africa, and Asia.
One of the most striking features of the Arundo donax plant is its flower. The flower is enclosed in a hooded spathe that is often brightly colored, ranging from green to purple, and can be up to 30 cm long. Inside the spathe is a small spike called the spadix that is covered in tiny flowers that release a pungent odor that attracts insects to pollinate the plant.
Arum is known for its distinctive leaves as well. The leaves are large, heart-shaped, and often have a glossy, dark green color. Some species of Arum are also grown for their tubers, which are starchy and can be boiled or roasted and eaten as a vegetable.
Arum has a long history of human use, particularly in traditional medicine. The plant has been used to treat a variety of ailments, including inflammation, arthritis, and digestive issues. Arum has also been used in folk medicine as a pain reliever and as an expectorant to help clear the lungs.
Despite its medicinal uses, arsenic can be toxic if ingested in large quantities. The plant contains calcium oxalate crystals, which can cause burning and swelling of the mouth and throat if consumed. Additionally, the plant’s sap can cause skin irritation in some individuals.
In addition to its medicinal uses, aralia has also been used for ornamental purposes. Its striking foliage and unique flowers make it a popular choice for gardens and floral arrangements. Some species of Arum are even used as cut flowers or in the production of perfume.
Arum is also steeped in mythology and folklore. In Greek mythology, the plant was associated with the god of wine, Dionysus, and was said to have sprung from the tears of a grieving Aphrodite. In Christian tradition, the Arum plant has been associated with the resurrection of Christ, as the hooded spathe was thought to resemble the shroud in which Christ was buried.
In conclusion, Arundo donax is a fascinating and versatile plant with a rich history of human use. Its striking flowers and leaves make it a popular choice for ornamental purposes, while its medicinal properties have been utilized in traditional medicine for centuries. However, caution should be exercised when handling or consuming Arum, as it can be toxic if ingested in large quantities.
Here are the 18 Popular Types Of Arum Pictorial Guide:
- Arum Hygrophilum
- Arum Rupicola
- Arum Purpureospathum
- Arum Pictum
- Arum Palustris
- Arum Palaestinum
- Arum Orientale
- Arum Nigrum
- Arum Maculatum
- Arum Italicum
- Arum Euxinum
- Arum Elongatum
- Arum Dracunculus
- Arum Dioscoridis
- Arum Cylindraceum
- Arum Creticum
- Arum Concinnatum
- Arum Alpinum
- How To Grow And Care For Arum
- How To Propagate Arum
- Top 5 FAQ And Answers For Arum
- Top 10 Interesting Facts About Arum
Arum Hygrophilum is a plant species in the Araceae family, native to Southeast Asia. It is a herbaceous perennial that grows up to 60 cm in height and has large, glossy, arrow-shaped leaves. The flowers are white to yellowish and arranged in a distinctive inflorescence known as a spadix. Arum Hygrophilum prefers moist, shady habitats and is commonly found in lowland forests, swamps, and along riverbanks. It is sometimes cultivated as an ornamental plant.
Arum Rupicola is a species of plant belonging to the family Araceae, native to the rocky mountain regions of Crete, Greece. It has large, heart-shaped leaves with prominent veins and a distinctive marbled pattern. The plant produces a spadix, a type of inflorescence, surrounded by a large, showy spathe. The spathe is typically green with a white or yellowish interior and emits a pungent odor to attract its pollinators. Arum Rupicola is highly valued for its ornamental qualities and is often grown as a garden plant. It should be handled carefully though because it is hazardous as well.
Arum Purpureospathum is a plant species in the Araceae family, commonly known as the Purple-Blushed Arum. It is native to the Eastern Mediterranean region and is characterized by its striking, deep purple spathe that surrounds a tall spadix. The leaves are large and arrow-shaped, and the plant typically grows to a height of around 60cm. The Purple-Blushed Arum is often grown as an ornamental plant for its attractive foliage and unique flower structure. However, it should be handled with care as all parts of the plant are toxic if ingested.
Arum Pictum is a species of flowering plant in the Araceae family, native to the Mediterranean region. It is a herbaceous perennial that produces attractive foliage with prominent veins and distinctive arrow-shaped leaves. The plant blooms in the late winter or early spring, producing a spike-like inflorescence that is covered in tiny, fragrant flowers.It is often planted as an attractive plant in gardens and greenhouses. However, it is important to note that all parts of the plant are toxic if ingested, and can cause severe irritation to the skin and mucous membranes if handled improperly.
Arum Palustris is a herbaceous perennial plant that is commonly found in wetland habitats throughout Europe and Asia. It is also known as the Marsh Arum. The plant features arrow-shaped leaves and a distinctive hooded flower spike, which emits a strong odor that attracts pollinators. While the plant is visually striking, it is also highly toxic and should not be consumed by humans or animals.
Arum Palaestinum is a perennial herbaceous plant species native to the eastern Mediterranean region. It is commonly known as “Solomon’s lily” or “black calla lily” due to its distinctive blackish-purple spathe. The plant has been used in traditional medicine for its purported healing properties, and it is also cultivated as an ornamental plant. However, it is important to note that the plant contains compounds that can be toxic if ingested, so caution should be exercised when handling it.
Arum Orientale, also known as the “Eastern Arum,” is a flowering plant species native to the eastern Mediterranean region and western Asia. It belongs to the Araceae family and is known for its distinctive inflorescence, which consists of a large, white or yellowish-green spathe (modified leaf) that surrounds a tall spadix (spike) covered in small flowers. The plant prefers moist, shady habitats and is commonly cultivated as an ornamental plant in gardens and as a houseplant. However, it should be handled with care as its leaves and stems contain calcium oxalate crystals that can cause irritation if ingested or touched.
Arum Nigrum is a species of flowering plant in the Araceae family, commonly known as Black Arum or Black Calla Lily. It is native to the Mediterranean region and produces distinctive, dark purple flowers that are surrounded by a black spike. The plant has a strong odor and is often associated with death and decay, leading to its use in funerary practices in some cultures.
Arum Maculatum, also known as the Cuckoo Pint or Lords-and-Ladies, is a species of flowering plant in the family Araceae. It is native to Europe and Asia and is characterized by its distinctive arrow-shaped leaves and striking, hooded inflorescence. However, it is also considered toxic and can cause severe irritation when ingested.
Arum Italicum is a perennial herbaceous plant native to the Mediterranean region, with arrow-shaped leaves and a distinctive spadix inflorescence. It is commonly grown as an ornamental plant for its attractive foliage and unique flowers, but caution should be taken as all parts of the plant are toxic if ingested.
Arum Euxinum is a plant species belonging to the family Araceae. It is native to the Caucasus region and has distinctive heart-shaped leaves that grow on tall stems. The plant also produces a white spathe, which surrounds a central spadix that contains the flowers. Arum euxinum is commonly grown as an ornamental plant in gardens and greenhouses due to its attractive foliage and unique flowering structure. However, it should be noted that all parts of the plant are poisonous if ingested.
Arum Elongatum is a plant species that belongs to the Araceae family. It is commonly known as the Snake Lily or the Slender Arum, and it is native to the Mediterranean region. This perennial herb has elongated leaves and produces a distinctive spadix inflorescence that emits a foul odor to attract pollinators. The plant is also known for its medicinal properties and has been traditionally used to treat respiratory and digestive issues. However, it is toxic when ingested and should not be consumed without proper preparation.
Arum Dracunculus, also known as the Dragon Arum or Voodoo Lily, is a unique and exotic plant species native to the eastern Mediterranean region. It is characterized by a striking dark purple spathe and a long spadix, which emits a pungent odor to attract pollinators. Despite its eerie appearance and foul smell, the plant has culinary uses in some Mediterranean countries, with its corms being used to make a traditional dish known as “skordalia.”
Arum Dioscoridis is a plant species that belongs to the Araceae family. It is also known as the Roman Arum or the Two-leafed Arum, and it is native to the Mediterranean region. The plant has large, heart-shaped leaves that grow up to 30 cm long and a distinctive spadix that is covered in small flowers. It produces a foul odor to attract pollinators and is often used in traditional medicine for its medicinal properties. However, it is also considered a weed in some areas due to its invasive nature.
Arum Cylindraceum is a species of flowering plant in the Araceae family, native to the Mediterranean region. It is characterized by its cylindric spadix, which is enclosed by a green or purple spathe. The plant grows from a corm and can reach up to 30 cm in height. It is also known as the brown dragon or snake lily due to its unique appearance. The plant is cultivated as an ornamental and is known for its interesting flowers and foliage.
Arum Creticum is a plant species native to the Mediterranean region, particularly in the island of Crete. It belongs to the family Araceae and is known for its distinctive inflorescence consisting of a spadix surrounded by a hood-like spathe. The plant is typically found in rocky and sandy habitats and can grow up to 60 cm tall. The leaves are heart-shaped and often have prominent veins. Arum Creticum is also known for its foul odor, which helps attract pollinators such as flies and beetles.
Arum Concinnatum is a type of flowering plant belonging to the Araceae family that is indigenous to the Mediterranean and portions of Asia. It produces a unique inflorescence consisting of a large, showy, dark purple spathe surrounding a tall, pale yellow spadix. The plant also has attractive, marbled foliage and can grow up to 60 cm in height. However, it is important to note that all parts of the plant are toxic if ingested and can cause skin irritation if touched.
Arum Alpinum, commonly known as Alpine Arum, is a herbaceous perennial plant that belongs to the Araceae family. It is native to mountainous regions of Europe and is characterized by its large, arrow-shaped leaves and unique, hooded flowers that emit a strong odor to attract pollinators. The plant prefers moist, shady locations and is often found growing in rock crevices and alpine meadows.
How To Grow And Care For Arum
Arum is a genus of plants with flowers with native populations in Asia, Africa, and Europe. They are grown for their striking foliage and unique flowers. Arum plants are relatively easy to care for and make excellent indoor plants. Here are some tips for growing and caring for Arum:
- Light: Arum plants prefer bright, indirect sunlight. Direct sunlight can burn their leaves. Place your Arum plant near a window where it can get plenty of light, but avoid placing it in direct sunlight.
- Water: Arum plants prefer to be kept evenly moist but not waterlogged. Water your Arum plant when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch. Overwatering your plants can lead to root rot, so avoid doing it. Do not allow the plant sit in standing water; instead, let any extra water drain away.
- Soil: Arum plants prefer a well-draining soil mix that is rich in organic matter. A mix of potting soil, peat moss, and perlite or sand can work well.
- Temperature and humidity: Arum plants prefer temperatures between 60 and 75°F (15 and 24°C) and humidity levels of 50 and 60%, respectively. Although they may need to be watered more frequently, they can endure lower humidity levels.
- Fertilizer: Arum plants do not require a lot of fertilizer. You can fertilize your plant once a month during the growing season with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer.
- Pruning: Arum plants do not require much pruning. But if necessary, you can take out any leaves that are damaged or dead.
- Repotting: Arum plants should be repotted every 1-2 years, or when they outgrow their current pot. Pick a pot that is one size larger than the previous one when repotting, and use new potting soil.
- Propagation: Arum plants can be propagated by division or by seed. Division is the easiest method. Divide the plant during repotting and plant each section in its own pot.
With proper care, your Arum plant should thrive and provide you with beautiful foliage and unique flowers.
How To Propagate Arum
Arum plants can be propagated through several methods, including division, offsets, and seed sowing. Here are some steps for propagating Arum plants:
- Division: In the fall or early spring, dig up the Arum plant and gently separate the rhizomes (underground stems) into individual sections with a sharp, clean knife. Each section should have at least one growing point, or bud. Plant each section in a pot or in the ground, covering the rhizome with about an inch of soil.
- Offsets: Arum plants will produce offsets, or smaller plants that grow from the main plant. Wait until the offsets are at least one-third the size of the parent plant before separating them. Use a clean, sharp knife to cut the offset away from the parent plant, being careful not to damage the roots. Plant the offset in a pot or in the ground.
- Seed Sowing: Collect the berries from the Aronia plant when they are fully ripe, usually in late summer or early fall. Remove the seeds from the berries and wash them thoroughly to remove any pulp. Sow the seeds in a seed tray or pot filled with moist, well-draining soil. Cover the seeds lightly with soil and place the tray or pot in a warm, bright location. Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged. Within a few weeks, the seeds ought to begin to sputter.
Remember to keep the soil moist and well-drained, and place the newly propagated plants in a location that receives filtered light and protection from strong winds.
Top 5 FAQ And Answers For Arum
Q: What is an Arum plant and how do I care for it?
A: An Arum plant is a tropical plant that is known for its large, showy leaves and distinctive flower. It is also known as the “calla lily” due to the shape of its flower. To care for an Arum plant, it should be placed in a well-draining pot with partial shade and moist soil. It should be watered regularly and fertilized every two weeks during the growing season.
Q: Can Arum plants be grown indoors?
A: Yes, Arum plants can be grown indoors as long as they are given the proper care. They should be placed in a well-lit area but not in direct sunlight, and they should be watered regularly. It is important to note that Arum plants can be toxic to pets and children, so they should be kept out of reach.
Q: What is the meaning behind the Arum flower?
A: The Arum flower is commonly associated with purity, innocence, and beauty. In some cultures, it is also associated with rebirth and renewal. In the language of flowers, the Arum flower can be used to convey messages of appreciation, admiration, and devotion.
Q: How do I propagate Arum plants?
A: Arum plants can be propagated through division or by taking stem cuttings. To propagate through division, the plant should be carefully removed from its pot and the rhizome (underground stem) should be divided into smaller sections. There should be at least one strong shoot and root system in each section. To propagate through stem cuttings, a stem with at least one node should be cut from the plant and placed in moist soil until it roots.
Q: What pests and diseases should I watch out for with Arum plants?
A: Arum plants are susceptible to a few pests and diseases, including spider mites, thrips, and bacterial leaf blight. To prevent these issues, it is important to keep the plant’s leaves clean and free of debris, as well as to avoid overwatering. If an infestation or infection does occur, the affected areas should be removed, and the plant should be treated with an appropriate pesticide or fungicide.
Top 10 Interesting Facts About Arum
- The Arum plant is also known as the “lord-and-ladies” or “cuckoo-pint” in English and the “sauvage” in French.
- Arum plants are native to Europe, North Africa, and Western Asia. They have also been introduced to other parts of the world, including North America.
- The Arum plant produces a distinctive flower called a “spathe,” which is a modified leaf that surrounds a central spadix.
- Some species of Arum have a very strong odor that smells like rotting meat. This odor helps to attract flies, which are the plant’s pollinators.
- The spadix of the Arum plant can generate heat, which helps to increase the spread of the plant’s odor and attract more pollinators.
- Many species of Arum are used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of ailments, including skin diseases, wounds, and digestive problems.
- Some species of Arum are highly toxic and can cause severe irritation if ingested. The plant’s sap can also cause skin irritation in some people.
- The Arum plant has been used in various cultures as a symbol of death, rebirth, and sexuality.
- Arum plants are also used as ornamental plants in gardens and as cut flowers in floral arrangements.
- The Arum genus includes over 25 species of plants, including the popular houseplant known as the “peace lily” (Spathiphyllum wallisii), which is often mistakenly called an Arum plant.