Cyclamen, also known as the sowbread plant, is a genus of flowering plants that belongs to the family Primulaceae. These plants are native to Europe, Asia, and Africa, and are widely grown for their attractive flowers and foliage. Cyclamen plants come in a variety of colors, including pink, white, red, and purple, and can add a beautiful touch to any garden or indoor space.
One of the most distinctive features of Cyclamen is its unique flowers. The flowers grow on tall stems that rise above the foliage, and they have five petals that curve back in an almost tube-like shape. The petals are usually pink or white with a darker base, and they often have intricate patterns or markings on them. Cyclamen flowers bloom in the fall and winter, which makes them a great addition to your garden during the colder months.
Cyclamen plants have a tuberous root system, which means that they store nutrients and water in their roots. This allows them to survive in harsh conditions, such as drought or cold weather. The leaves of Cyclamen are heart-shaped, and they are often marbled with shades of green, silver, or white. The leaves grow in a rosette pattern, which makes them look like a bouquet of flowers when they are fully grown.
Cyclamen plants are typically grown in pots or containers, and they can be placed indoors or outdoors, depending on your climate. They prefer a cool, moist environment, and they should be watered regularly to keep the soil moist but not soggy. Cyclamen plants also need good drainage, so be sure to choose a pot with drainage holes in the bottom.
In terms of care, Cyclamen plants require some attention to keep them healthy and thriving. They should be fertilized regularly during the growing season with a balanced fertilizer. They also benefit from being repotted every few years to provide fresh soil and room for growth. Additionally, Cyclamen plants should be protected from direct sunlight and extreme temperatures, which can damage their leaves and flowers.
Cyclamen plants have a long history of medicinal use, and they have been used to treat a variety of ailments, including respiratory problems, headaches, and joint pain. However, it is important to note that Cyclamen plants can be toxic if ingested, so it is best to keep them away from children and pets.
In conclusion, Cyclamen plants are a beautiful and unique addition to any garden or indoor space. With their attractive flowers and foliage, they can brighten up even the coldest and darkest months of the year. Just be sure to provide them with the proper care and attention they need to thrive, and they will reward you with their stunning beauty for years to come.
Here are 21 Types Of Cyclamen Pictorial Guide:
- Cyclamen Elegans
- Cyclamen Maritimum
- Cyclamen Parviflorum
- Cyclamen Intaminatum
- Cyclamen Cyprium
- Cyclamen Balearicum
- Cyclamen Africanum
- Cyclamen Pseudibericum
- Cyclamen Alpinum
- Cyclamen Trochopteranthum
- Cyclamen Cilicium
- Cyclamen Rohlfsianum
- Cyclamen Mirabile
- Cyclamen Libanoticum
- Cyclamen Purpurascens
- Cyclamen Graecum
- Cyclamen Creticum
- Cyclamen Repandum
- Cyclamen Persicum
- Cyclamen Coum
- Cyclamen Hederifolium
- How To Grow And Care For Cyclamen
- How To Propagate Cyclamen
- Top 5 FAQ And Answers For Cyclamen
- Top 10 Interesting Facts About Cyclamen
Cyclamen Elegans is a species of flowering plant in the family Primulaceae, native to the eastern Mediterranean region. It is an herbaceous perennial that produces delicate, fragrant flowers with pink or purple petals that bloom in the autumn. The leaves are heart-shaped and have distinctive silver markings. Cyclamen elegans is a popular ornamental plant and is often grown as a houseplant or in outdoor gardens in mild climates.
Cyclamen Maritimum is a species of perennial flowering plant that belongs to the Primulaceae family. It is commonly known as the Mediterranean cyclamen or sand cyclamen, and it is native to the eastern Mediterranean region. The plant produces small, fragrant flowers that range in color from pink to purple and bloom in the autumn. Cyclamen Maritimum prefers well-drained soil and thrives in rocky or sandy areas near the coast. It is commonly used as an ornamental plant in gardens and is also used in traditional medicine for its anti-inflammatory properties.
Cyclamen Parviflorum is a species of flowering plant that belongs to the family Primulaceae. It is a small perennial herbaceous plant that grows from a corm and produces attractive pink or purple flowers with reflexed petals. This species is native to the eastern Mediterranean region and is commonly found in rocky areas, woodlands, and scrublands. Cyclamen Parviflorum is known for its ornamental value and is often cultivated as a houseplant.
Cyclamen Intaminatum is a species of flowering plant in the family Primulaceae, native to Turkey. It is a small perennial herb that grows from a tuber and produces delicate, fragrant flowers in shades of pink and white. This species is often grown as an ornamental plant for its attractive foliage and charming blooms.
Cyclamen Cyprium is a species of perennial flowering plant in the family Primulaceae, native to the island of Cyprus. It has heart-shaped leaves that are often marbled with silver and produces delicate pink or white flowers that bloom in the autumn. It is a popular ornamental plant and is often grown as a houseplant or in shaded outdoor areas.
Cyclamen Balearicum is a species of flowering plant native to the Balearic Islands in the western Mediterranean. It is a small herbaceous perennial with heart-shaped leaves and delicate pink or purple flowers that bloom in the autumn and winter. The plant prefers cool, moist environments and is commonly found in rocky habitats, woodlands, and scrublands. It is often grown as an ornamental plant for its attractive foliage and colorful flowers.
Cyclamen Africanum is a species of flowering plant that is native to the eastern regions of Africa, including Ethiopia, Somalia, and Tanzania. It is a perennial herb that grows from a tuber, producing delicate pink or white flowers with reflexed petals that bloom in the autumn and winter. The plant is often grown as an ornamental in gardens and indoor pots due to its attractive foliage and flowers. However, it should be noted that Cyclamen africanum is toxic to humans and animals if ingested.
Cyclamen Pseudibericum is a species of flowering plant in the family Primulaceae. It is a tuberous perennial with heart-shaped leaves and delicate, pink to deep magenta flowers that bloom in the autumn. This species is native to Turkey and is prized for its ornamental value in gardens and indoor plant collections.
Cyclamen Alpinum is a species of flowering plant in the family Primulaceae, native to the mountains of Europe. It is a small herbaceous perennial that typically grows up to 10cm tall and produces fragrant pink or white flowers with distinctively reflexed petals. It prefers cool, moist environments and is often found growing in rocky or alpine habitats.
Cyclamen Trochopteranthum is a species of flowering plant in the family Primulaceae. It is native to Turkey and is known for its attractive pink or white flowers that bloom in late winter or early spring. The plant has distinctive round leaves with silver markings and prefers to grow in well-drained soil in shaded areas.
Cyclamen Cilicium is a species of flowering plant in the family Primulaceae, native to the eastern Mediterranean region. It is a small, tuberous perennial with attractive heart-shaped leaves and pink or purple flowers with reflexed petals. It prefers well-drained soil and partial shade, making it a popular choice for woodland gardens and container planting.
Cyclamen Rohlfsianum is a species of flowering plant in the family Primulaceae, native to the Mediterranean region. It is a small perennial herb that produces delicate, pink to purple flowers with twisted petals and heart-shaped leaves. This species is commonly grown as an ornamental plant in gardens and is known for its beauty and fragrance. It prefers well-drained soil and partial shade and blooms in the winter and early spring.
Cyclamen Mirabile is a species of flowering plant that belongs to the Primulaceae family. It is native to Turkey, where it grows in rocky habitats and blooms from late autumn to early spring. The plant produces delicate, pink or white flowers with reflexed petals and prominent stamens. Its leaves are typically heart-shaped and have distinctive silver markings. Cyclamen Mirabile is prized by gardeners for its ornamental value and is often grown as an indoor plant or in rock gardens.
Cyclamen Libanoticum is a perennial flowering plant species that belongs to the family Primulaceae. It is native to the mountains of Lebanon and Syria and typically grows in rocky, well-drained soils. The plant produces heart-shaped leaves and produces delicate pink or white flowers that bloom in the late winter or early spring. Cyclamen Libanoticum is often cultivated as an ornamental plant in gardens and is prized for its attractive foliage and delicate flowers.
Cyclamen Purpurascens is a species of flowering perennial plant that belongs to the family Primulaceae. It is native to Europe and produces delicate, pink-purple flowers with a distinctive fragrance. The plant has heart-shaped leaves that are dark green and silver-marbled. It prefers cool, moist environments and blooms in late summer or early fall. Cyclamen purpurascens is often grown as an ornamental plant in gardens and can be used as a houseplant. However, it should be noted that all parts of the plant are toxic if ingested.
Cyclamen Graecum is a flowering plant species belonging to the family Primulaceae, native to Greece and neighboring regions. It has heart-shaped leaves with intricate silver markings and produces fragrant, pink to deep magenta-colored flowers with twisted petals. This species is a popular ornamental plant and can be found in gardens and homes around the world.
Cyclamen Creticum is a species of flowering plant native to the island of Crete in Greece. It belongs to the genus Cyclamen and is known for its attractive pink or white flowers and heart-shaped leaves. This species prefers to grow in rocky, shady areas and blooms from late autumn to early spring. Cyclamen Creticum is a popular ornamental plant in gardens and is also used in traditional medicine for its various therapeutic properties.
Cyclamen Repandum is a species of flowering plant native to the eastern Mediterranean region. It is a perennial herbaceous plant that grows from a tuber and produces showy pink or white flowers in late winter or early spring. The leaves are heart-shaped and have silver markings. Cyclamen repandum is commonly cultivated as an ornamental plant in gardens and as a potted plant for indoor decoration. It favors cool environments as well as moist, well-drained soil.
Cyclamen Persicum, commonly known as Persian Cyclamen, is a perennial flowering plant native to the Mediterranean region. It produces beautiful, colorful flowers with swept-back petals and heart-shaped leaves. It is a popular houseplant and is often given as a gift during the winter holiday season. Cyclamen persicum requires well-drained soil and moderate watering to thrive.
Cyclamen Coum is a species of flowering plant in the Primulaceae family, native to parts of Europe and the Middle East. It typically produces pink or purplish-pink flowers with distinctively reflexed petals and heart-shaped leaves that often have silver markings. This plant is commonly cultivated as an ornamental and is popular for its ability to bloom in the winter, making it a valuable addition to gardens and indoor spaces during the colder months.
Cyclamen Hederifolium is a species of flowering plant that is native to Mediterranean regions. It is characterized by its heart-shaped leaves and delicate, pink or white flowers that bloom in the fall. The plant prefers to grow in shaded areas with well-draining soil and can be commonly found in woodland settings or gardens.
How To Grow And Care For Cyclamen
Cyclamen is a beautiful plant that is often grown indoors but can also be grown outdoors in temperate climates. Here are some tips for growing and caring for cyclamen:
- Light: Cyclamen prefers bright, indirect light but not direct sunlight.
- Temperature: Cyclamen prefers cooler temperatures between 50 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Watering: Cyclamen prefers to be watered thoroughly, but allow the soil to dry out slightly before watering again. Avoid getting water on the leaves or crown, as this can cause rot.
- Soil: Cyclamen prefers well-draining soil with a pH of 6.0 to 7.0. A mixture of peat moss, perlite, and sand can be a good choice.
- Fertilizer: Cyclamen does not require much fertilizer. A balanced fertilizer can be applied once a month during the growing season.
- Repotting: Cyclamen should be repotted every 2–3 years in fresh soil.
- Dormancy: Cyclamen goes dormant during the summer months. During this time, reduce watering and do not fertilize. The plant will come back to life in the fall.
- Pests: Cyclamen can be susceptible to pests such as spider mites and mealybugs. Inspect the plant regularly and treat any infestations promptly.
By following these tips, you can grow and care for cyclamen successfully.
How To Propagate Cyclamen
Cyclamen plants are beautiful and easy to grow, and they produce beautiful blooms in a range of colors. If you want to propagate cyclamen, you can do so by using seeds or by dividing the plant.
Here are the steps to propagate cyclamen using seeds:
- Collect seeds from the cyclamen plant after it has finished blooming. The seeds are small and can be found in the seed pods that develop after the flowers fade.
- Sow the seeds in a seed tray filled with a mixture of peat and perlite. Water the soil well and cover the tray with plastic wrap to retain moisture.
- Put the tray somewhere warm and sunny, but out of direct sunlight. Keep the soil moist by misting it with water as needed.
- The seeds should begin to germinate within two to four weeks. Once they have germinated, remove the plastic wrap and continue to keep the soil moist.
- When the seedlings are large enough, transplant them into individual pots filled with a well-draining potting mix.
To propagate cyclamen by division, follow these steps:
- Dig up the cyclamen plant in the fall, after it has finished blooming.
- Carefully separate the corms (bulbs) from the plant using a sharp, sterile knife.
- Replant the corms in fresh soil, either in the garden or in individual pots.
- Water the newly divided plants well and place them in a bright, but shaded location. Avoid direct sunlight.
- Keep the soil moist, but not waterlogged.
With proper care, both of these methods can result in healthy and beautiful cyclamen plants.
Top 5 FAQ And Answers For Cyclamen
Q: How often should I water my cyclamen?
A: Cyclamen prefers evenly moist soil but not waterlogged soil. Water your cyclamen when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch, usually once a week.
Q: How do I care for my cyclamen after it stops blooming?
A: After blooming, cyclamen enters a dormant period. Gradually reduce watering until the foliage dies back. Store the tuber in a cool, dark place and resume watering when new growth appears.
Q: Why are my cyclamen’s leaves turning yellow?
A: Yellowing leaves on a cyclamen can be caused by overwatering, underwatering, or exposure to cold temperatures. Adjust your watering schedule and ensure your cyclamen is in a warm location.
Q: Can I grow cyclamen outdoors?
A: Cyclamen can be grown outdoors in USDA hardiness zones 7-11. Plant cyclamen in a location that receives morning sun and afternoon shade, and ensure the soil is well-draining.
Q: How do I propagate cyclamen?
A: Cyclamen can be propagated by seed or by division. To divide a cyclamen, carefully remove the tuber from the soil and gently separate any small tubers attached to the main tuber. Replant the new tubers in fresh soil.
Top 10 Interesting Facts About Cyclamen
- Cyclamen is a genus of plants that belongs to the family Primulaceae. It has around 20 species that are native to Europe and the Mediterranean Basin.
- Cyclamen is known for its beautiful, colorful, and fragrant flowers that bloom during the winter months. The flowers have a distinctive shape and are often used in floral arrangements and decorations.
- The leaves of the cyclamen plant are also attractive and come in various shades of green, silver, and white. They are typically heart-shaped or round and can grow up to 10 inches in diameter.
- Cyclamen is a popular houseplant that is easy to care for and can live for several years if properly maintained. It prefers cool temperatures, moist soil, and bright, indirect light.
- The name cyclamen comes from the Greek word kyklaminos, which means “circle,” referring to the round shape of the plant’s tuberous root.
- The cyclamen plant has been used for medicinal purposes for centuries. It was believed to have healing properties and was used to treat various ailments, including headaches, stomachaches, and respiratory problems.
- In ancient Greek mythology, cyclamen was associated with the goddess Hecate, who was often depicted carrying the plant. In addition, love and fertility were thought to be represented by it.
- Cyclamen is toxic to dogs, cats, and other animals if ingested. The plant contains a toxin called cyclamine, which can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and other symptoms.
- Some species of cyclamen are endangered due to habitat loss and overharvesting. Conservation efforts are underway to protect these plants and their natural habitats.
- Cyclamen is also known as “sowbread” because it was once fed to pigs and other livestock as a supplement to their diet. The plant’s roots were believed to improve the animals’ health and fertility.